Use these references as a guide for all references including those placed in your logbook. In the reference section all references should be put in alphabetic order by the first letter. If the reference is more than one line indent the second line 2 spaces.

Journal Articles

Bempong, M.A. (1973). Meiosis in Vicai faba. Carolina Tips, 36(14), 53-54. – 1 author

Jauhar, P.P. and Storey, W.B. (1982). A useful organism for teaching cytology. Journal of Heredity,

73(3), 243-244. – 2 authors

Blackman, C.G., Johnson, A.T and Barry F. (1996). The effects of soil on the plant growth of

sunflowers. Journal of Botany, 55(2), 123-134. – more than 2 authors


Burnham, C.R. (1962). Discussions in Cytogenetics. Minneapolis, MN: Burgess Publishing Co.

-- 1 author

Tortora, G.J., Funke, B.R. and Case, C.L. (1995). Microbiology: An Introduction, 5th ed.

Redwood City, CA: Benjamin/Cummings – more than 2 authors and, edition noted

Government Report

U.S. Department of Education (1994). Digest of education statistics. Page 135 in Office of

Educational Research and Improvement, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES 94-115),

Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (1994). Code of Federal Regulations: Food and Drugs. 21

(part 1-99). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.


Feinberg, Joe. (1992). Freedom and Behavioral Control. Encyclopedia of Bio-ethics. 1, 93-101.

New York: Free Press. – article author is known

Money. (1977). Compton’s Encyclopedia. 10, 80-91. – article author is unknown

Webpage citation

Lions of the World, (June 14, 1997). URL: http://www.insects.html date visited site indicated, no


Burka, L.P. (Dec. 5, 1994). A hypertext history of multi-user dimensions. MUD History. URL: known


Kinyon, Deborah. (Oct. 23, 1996). Nile River research project resettles.

Any questions about a particular citation please see your teacher.

Examples of citations used in papers:

Studies of the bioluminescence of Pyrocystis species began about 100 years ago on the
Challenger expedition. One of the expedition’s naturalist, John Murray (1950),
reported “Pyrocystis is strongly phosphorescent…” Pyrocystis are among the most
abundant large dinoflagellates found in tropical and subtropical waters (Drebes 1973;
Swift and Durbin, 1971; Johnson et al. 1970).

Although Jessop (1970) and Lehner (1979) have published simplified schematics of the
scientific method, detailed descriptions of the process are missing.

The results that Gadawski (1981) obtained provided the rationale for the present study.

Rees (1970) and Stoffolano et al. (1978) reported that the salt chemoreceptors on the...